A population-based study of congenital diaphragmatic hernia

C P TorfsL H Honoré


From 1983 through 1987, in a California population of 718,208 births, 237 infants were born with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), a birth prevalence of 3.30 per 10,000 total births (live births and stillbirths). We proposed that the various types of this defect, characterized by their different pathogeneses, would be reflected in differences in their descriptive epidemiologies. We evaluated various demographic, maternal, and infant characteristics for three major types of defects, the Morgagni hernia, the pars sternalis hernia, and the posterolateral hernia, categorizing the latter type into isolated defect (N = 129), multiple congenital anomalies including nonchromosomal syndromes (N = 86), trisomies (N = 10), and chromosomal anomalies other than trisomies (N = 2). For the posterolateral hernia, we present the distribution of associated anomalies (43%) and specifically of midline defects (19%). Although the number of cases for the Morgagni hernia (N = 5) and the pars sternalis hernia (N = 5) were small, comparisons with the posterolateral hernia suggested lower sex ratios, of borderline significance for the pars sternalis hernia (P < 0.09), and higher mean maternal ages for both groups. Within the posterolateral type, ...Continue Reading


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