A porcine ex vivo model of pigmentary glaucoma

Scientific Reports
Yalong DangNils Loewen

Abstract

Pigment dispersion can lead to pigmentary glaucoma, a poorly understood condition of younger myopic eyes with fluctuating high intraocular pressure. It has been difficult to investigate its pathogenesis without a model similar to human eyes in size and behavior. Here we present a porcine ex vivo model that recreates several features of pigmentary glaucoma, including intraocular hypertension, accumulation of pigment in the trabecular meshwork, and declining phagocytosis. We found that trabecular meshwork cells regulate outflow, form actin stress fibers, and have a decreased phagocytic activity. Gene expression microarrays and a pathway analysis of TM monolayers as well as ex vivo anterior segment perfusion cultures indicated that RhoA plays a central role in regulating the cytoskeleton, motility, and phagocytosis in the trabecular meshwork, providing new insights and targets to investigate in pigmentary glaucoma.

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Citations

Apr 5, 2019·Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Für Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie·Ying HongNils Loewen
Mar 29, 2019·Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Für Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie·Chao WangNils Loewen
May 4, 2018·Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Für Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie·Yalong DangNils Loewen
Nov 21, 2018·Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Für Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie·Yalong DangNils Loewen

Methods Mentioned

BETA
flow cytometry
dissecting
transmission electron microscopy
GTPase

Related Concepts

Actins
Cell Motility
Cytoskeleton
Eye
Gene Expression
Glaucoma
Hypertensive Disease
Physiologic Intraocular Pressure
Phagocytes
Phagocytosis

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