Feb 16, 1976

A possible mechanism of the generation of singlet molecular oxygen in nadph-dependent microsomal lipid peroxidation

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
K Sugioka, M Nakano


A simplified system, consisting of NADPH, Fe3+-ADP, EDTA, liposomes, NADPH-cytochrome c reductase and Tris - HCl buffer (pH 6.8), has been employed in studies of the generation of singlet oxygen in NADPH-dependent microsomal lipid peroxidation. The light emitted by the system involves 1deltag type molecular oxygen identifiable by its characteristic emission spectrum and its behavior with beta-carotene. The generation of another excited species (a compound in the triplet state) could be demonstrated in this system by changes of light intensity and emission spectra which arise from photosensitizer (9,10-dibromoanthracene sulfonate, eosin, Rose-Bengal)-mediated energy transfers. Chemiluminescence in the visible region was markedly quenched by various radical trappers and by an inhibitor of NADPH-cytochrome c reductase, but not by superoxide dismutase. During the early stage of lipid peroxidation, the intensity of chemiluminescence was proportional to the square of the concentration of lipid peroxide. These characteristics suggest that singlet oxygen and a compound in the triplet state (probably a carbonyl compound) are generated by a self-reaction of lipid peroxy radicals.

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Mentioned in this Paper

NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase
Cytochrome Reductases
Microsomes, Liver
Lipid Metabolism

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