May 24, 2016

A precision metric for clinical genome sequencing

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Rachel L Goldfeder, Euan A Ashley

Abstract

A requisite precondition for the application of next-generation sequencing to clinical medicine is the ability to confidently call genotype at each coding/splicing position of every gene of interest. Current gold standard technologies, such as Sanger sequencing and microarrays, allow confident identification of the genomic origin of the DNA of interest. A commonly used minimum standard for the adoption of new technology in medicine is non-inferiority. We developed a metric to quantify the extent to which current sequencing technologies reach this clinical grade reporting standard. This metric, the rationale for which we present here, is defined as the absolute number of base pairs per gene not callable with confidence, as specified by the presence of 20 high quality (Q20) bases from uniquely mapped (mapq>0) reads per locus. To illustrate the utility of this metric, we apply it across data from several commercially available clinical sequencing products. We present specific examples of coverage for genes known to be important for clinical medicine. We derive data from a variety of platforms including whole genome sequencing (Illumina Hiseq and X chemistry) and exome capture (including medically optimized capture from Agilent, Ba...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Positioning Attribute
Physicians
Untranslated Regions
Exons
Genome
Genes
Plain X-ray
Clinical Medicine
Nucleic Acid Sequencing
Laboratory

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