A preliminary study of fonio-moringa seed meal-based complementary food in Wistar rats

Journal of Food Biochemistry
Johnson Oluwasola AgbedeValentine Ayoboore Aletor


Effect of fonio-moringa seed meal (FMSM)-based complementary food in Wistar rats was assessed in a 28 days balanced study. Seventy, 21-day-old Wistar rats were allotted to seven groups in a completely randomized design. Infant weaning foods (IWFs) 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 had 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% FMSM inclusion levels, respectively, while two commercial IWFs purchased were coded CFT and CFC. The water absorption capacity, swelling power, and the pasting properties, except peak time varied (p < .05) among the IWFs. Rats fed on IWFs 3 and 4 had comparable weight gain with those fed on the commercial foods. The heart and kidney relative weights were influenced (p < .05), while villus length (duodenum) of the rats were significant (p < .05). The blood indices were not significant, but the alanine aminotransferase and cholesterol levels ranged 15.65-32.25 µ/dl and 75.75-94.55 mg/100 ml, respectively. Incorporation of 10% FMSM is recommended in IWFs. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: The need to reduce hunger and starvation among the less-privileged people in society is becoming increasingly important. Specifically, many infants, preschool and school children are often not having access to nutritive foods that will enhance their mental alertness...Continue Reading


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