A preliminary study of fonio-moringa seed meal-based complementary food in Wistar rats

Journal of Food Biochemistry
Johnson Oluwasola AgbedeValentine Ayoboore Aletor

Abstract

Effect of fonio-moringa seed meal (FMSM)-based complementary food in Wistar rats was assessed in a 28 days balanced study. Seventy, 21-day-old Wistar rats were allotted to seven groups in a completely randomized design. Infant weaning foods (IWFs) 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 had 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% FMSM inclusion levels, respectively, while two commercial IWFs purchased were coded CFT and CFC. The water absorption capacity, swelling power, and the pasting properties, except peak time varied (p < .05) among the IWFs. Rats fed on IWFs 3 and 4 had comparable weight gain with those fed on the commercial foods. The heart and kidney relative weights were influenced (p < .05), while villus length (duodenum) of the rats were significant (p < .05). The blood indices were not significant, but the alanine aminotransferase and cholesterol levels ranged 15.65-32.25 µ/dl and 75.75-94.55 mg/100 ml, respectively. Incorporation of 10% FMSM is recommended in IWFs. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: The need to reduce hunger and starvation among the less-privileged people in society is becoming increasingly important. Specifically, many infants, preschool and school children are often not having access to nutritive foods that will enhance their mental alertness...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Dec 19, 2020·Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety·Fan Zhu
May 28, 2021·International Journal of Food Science·Shewangzaw Addisu MekuriaMesfin Wogayehu Tenagashaw

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