A primer for fetal cardiac imaging: a stepwise approach for 2-dimensional imaging

Ultrasound Quarterly
Sima Naderi, John P McGahan

Abstract

Detection of congenital heart disease (CHD) remains problematic, even with advances in imaging. Imaging modalities, such as magnetic resonance imaging, have been helpful in better understanding certain abnormalities, such as the fetal central nervous system. However, because of cardiac motion, screening and detection of CHD are best performed by sonography. Although newer technical advances in sonography, including 3-dimensional (3-D) dynamic multiplanar imaging and Doppler techniques, are extremely helpful in better delineating CHD, the mainstay of detection of CHD remains 2-D real-time imaging. Understanding 2-D imaging of the heart, using multiple views, is necessary to perform any type of multiplanar imaging as both require basic understanding of the same basic views. Although it is beyond the scope of this article to review all facets of fetal cardiac imaging, we will present a stepwise approach using 2-D imaging in the detection of CHD.

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Citations

Sep 24, 2011·AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology·Prabhakar RajiahManjiri Dighe
Sep 26, 2014·World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics·Mohammed A Al-Biltagi
Apr 17, 2010·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology·S MäkeläJ Mustonen

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