PMID: 7940682Sep 27, 1994Paper

A prospective, randomized comparison of cyclophosphamide and azathioprine for early rejection prophylaxis after cardiac transplantation. Decreased sensitization to OKT3

D O TaylorD G Renlund


Humoral immune responses have been implicated in the pathogenesis of vascular rejection, allograft coronary artery disease, and sensitization to OKT3. Because cyclophosphamide (CP) is a potent suppressor of humoral immunity, we postulated that substituting cyclophosphamide for azathioprine (AZA) would be associated with a decrease in acute vascular rejection and sensitization to OKT3 in cardiac transplant recipients also receiving cyclosporine, corticosteroids, and perioperative OKT3. We prospectively randomized 119 patients to receive azathioprine (n = 61) or cyclophosphamide (n = 58) from the time of transplantation. Dosage was adjusted to target white blood cell (WBC) counts. At six weeks posttransplantation, cyclophosphamide was converted to azathioprine. Patients were followed for a mean of 321 +/- 16 days. At four weeks WBC (1000/mm3) was 9.2 +/- 0.4 (SEM) in the AZA group and 9.7 +/- 0.6 for the CP group (P = 0.4). No differences were noted between the CP and AZA groups in mean cellular grades of rejection (1.8 +/- 0.1 vs. 1.7 +/- 0.1), mean vascular grades of rejection (2.0 +/- 0.1 vs. 1.8 +/- 0.1), early treated rejection episodes (1.9 +/- 0.1 vs. 2.2 +/- 0.1) days to first treated cellular rejection (38 +/- 3 vs. 41 +...Continue Reading


Jul 7, 2007·American Journal of Transplantation : Official Journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons·W E UberN L Pereira
Apr 4, 2015·Circulation·Monica M ColvinAmerican Heart Association Heart Failure and Transplantation Committee of the Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthes

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that involves excessive distress and anxiety with separation. This may include separation from places or people to which they have a strong emotional connection with. It often affects children more than adults. Here is the latest research on separation anxiety.

KIF1A Associated Neurological Disorder

KIF1A associated neurological disorder (KAND) is a rare neurodegenerative condition caused by mutations in the KIF1A gene. KAND may present with a wide range and severity of symptoms including stiff or weak leg muscles, low muscle tone, a lack of muscle coordination and balance, and intellectual disability. Find the latest research on KAND here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Related Papers

Digestive Diseases and Sciences
S V McDiarmidR W Busuttil
Liver Transplantation : Official Publication of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society
R WiesnerW Wang
American Journal of Kidney Diseases : the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
R AllowayA O Gaber
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved