Apr 8, 2020

Pathogenic LRRK2 regulates ciliation probability upstream of Tau Tubulin kinase 2

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Y. SobuSuzanne R Pfeffer

Abstract

Mutations that activate LRRK2 protein kinase cause Parkinson's disease. We have shown previously that Rab10 phosphorylation by LRRK2 enhances its binding to RILPL1 and together, these proteins block cilia formation in a variety of cell types including patient derived iPS cells. We have used live cell fluorescence microscopy to identify, more precisely, the effect of LRRK2 kinase activity on both the formation of cilia triggered by serum starvation and loss of cilia seen upon serum re-addition. LRRK2 activity decreases the overall probability of ciliation without changing the rates of cilia formation in R1441C LRRK2 MEF cells. Cilia loss in these cells is accompanied by ciliary decapitation. Kinase activity does not change the timing or frequency of decapitation or the rate of cilia loss, but increases the percent of cilia that are lost upon serum addition. LRRK2 activity, or overexpression of RILPL1 protein, blocks release of CP110 from the mother centriole, a step normally required for early ciliogenesis. In both cases, failure of CP110 uncapping was due to failure to recruit TTBK2, a kinase needed for CP110 release. In contrast, recruitment of EHD1, another step important for ciliogenesis, appears unaltered. These experiments...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Digitalization Done
Biosensors
Randomized Controlled Trial (Publication)
Chronic Disease
Health Outcomes
Iron Deficiency
Participant
Medical Valves
Controlled Clinical Trials, Randomized

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