Oct 15, 1989

A protective monoclonal antibody recognizes an epitope in the carboxyl-terminal cysteine-rich domain in the precursor of the major merozoite surface antigen of the rodent malarial parasite, Plasmodium yoelii

The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
J M BurnsC A Long

Abstract

The 195-kDa major merozoite surface antigen of Plasmodium falciparum (Pf PMMSA) is a potential candidate for the development of a blood-stage malarial vaccine. We have focused on an analogous 230-kDa Ag of the rodent malarial parasite, Plasmodium yoelii, in an effort to study this protein in an experimental model system. Previously we reported the cloning and sequencing of a 2.1-kb portion of the gene encoding the carboxyl-terminal 77 kDa of the Py PMMSA. This region contained the B cell epitope recognized by mAb 302, a mAb shown to protect mice passively against P. yoelii challenge infection. To localize this B cell epitope, we have inserted various restriction fragments of the cloned Py PMMSA sequence into the bacterial expression vector pMG27NSTerm. Recombinant peptides of 74, 40, 34, 17, and 10 kDa have been produced which bear the epitope recognized by mAb 302. The results demonstrate that this B cell epitope is located within the most carboxyl-region of the Py PMMSA which contains a series of ten cysteine residues, also found in the PMMSA of P. falciparum. Further analysis showed that the reduction of disulfide bonds as well as the deletion of CYS-607 of the cloned sequence, resulted in the loss of the expression of this ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
Merozoites
Mice, Inbred BALB C
expression vector
Plasmodium yoelii
Proteins, Recombinant DNA
Antigenic Specificity
Gene Deletion Abnormality
Antigens, Protozoan
Malaria

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