A protein truncating R179X variant in RNF186 confers protection against ulcerative colitis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Manuel A RivasMark J Daly

Abstract

We conducted a search for protein truncating variants conferring protection against inflammatory bowel disease exploiting knowledge of common variants associated with the same disease. We found that a protein truncating variant (rs36095412, p.R179X, genotyped in 11,148 ulcerative colitis patients and 295,446 controls, MAF = up to 0.78%) in RNF186, a single-exon ring finger E3 ligase with strong colonic expression, protects against ulcerative colitis (overall P = 6.89×10-7, odds ratio (OR) = 0.30). We further demonstrate that the truncated protein is expressed, suggesting the protective mechanism may reside in the loss of an interaction or function via mislocalization or loss of an essential protein element.

Related Concepts

Ring Finger Domain
RNF186 gene
Exons
Staphylococcal Protein A
Fourth Finger
Protein Truncation
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Ubiquitin-protein ligase
Colon Structure (Body Structure)
Ulcerative Colitis

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