A randomized multicenter study comparing the efficacy and bleeding pattern of a single-rod (Implanon) and a six-capsule (Norplant) hormonal contraceptive implant

Contraception
S R ZhengR F Kaper

Abstract

To compare the contraceptive efficacy, tolerability, and bleeding patterns, 200 healthy female volunteers received, in an open, comparative, randomized, multicenter study in China, either a single-rod (Implanon) or a six-capsule (Norplant) contraceptive implant for 2 years with an optional extension of up to 4 years. Women were exposed to Implanon for 341.6 woman-years and Norplant for 329.1 woman-years. There were no pregnancies during the study. Per 90-day reference period, the median number of bleeding/spotting days with Implanon decreased from 33.5 in the first period to 19.0-21.5 days in the last year. Similarly, with Norplant, the median number of bleeding/spotting days decreased from 34.5 to 18.0-23.0 days, respectively. The number of bleeding/spotting episodes during year 1 was 2.0 per 90-day reference period with Implanon and 3.0 per period with Norplant (p < 0.05 for periods 1-4). For the remaining 90-day periods, there was no statistical difference between the two groups. In general, there was less frequent bleeding with Implanon compared with Norplant, whereas the incidences of amenorrhea and infrequent bleeding were higher with Implanon than with Norplant. The mean overall incidence of prolonged bleeding fell marke...Continue Reading

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