Nov 13, 2019

A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Respiratory Syncytial Virus Human Challenge Study of the Antiviral Efficacy, Safety, and Pharmacokinetics of RV521, an Inhibitor of the RSV-F Protein

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
John DeVincenzoEdward Littler

Abstract

Effective treatments for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection are lacking. Here, we report a human proof-of-concept study for RV521, a small-molecule antiviral inhibitor of the RSV-F protein. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, healthy adults were challenged with RSV-A Memphis-37b. After infection was confirmed (or 5 days after challenge virus inoculation), subjects received RV521 (350 mg or 200 mg) or placebo orally every 12 h for 5 days. The primary endpoint was area under the curve (AUC) for viral load, as assessed by reverse transcriptase quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) of nasal wash samples. The primary efficacy analysis set included subjects successfully infected with RSV who received ≥1 dose of study drug. A total of 66 subjects were enrolled (n = 22 per group); 53 were included in the primary analysis set (RV521 350 mg: n = 16; 200 mg: n = 18; placebo: n = 19). The mean AUC of RT-qPCR-assessed RSV viral load (log10 PFU equivalents [PFUe]/ml · h) was significantly lower with RV521 350 mg (185.26; standard error [SE], 31.17; P = 0.002) and 200 mg (224.35; SE, 37.60; P = 0.007) versus placebo (501.39; SE, 86.57). Disease severity improved with RV521 350 mg and 200 mg versus placebo (P = 0.002 and ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Virus
Inhibitors
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Adverse Event
Drug Evaluation
Respiratory syncytial virus
Analysis
Nasal Lavage Fluid
Viral Load Measurement

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