Mar 1, 2016

A RET-supported logic gate combinatorial library to enable modeling and implementation of intelligent logic functions

Chemical Science
Ru-Ru GaoTian-Ming Yao

Abstract

Boolean logic gates integrate multiple digital inputs into a digital output. Among these, logic gates based on nucleic acids have attracted a great deal of attention due to the prospect of controlling living systems in the way we control electronic computers. Herein, by employing Thioflavin T (ThT) as a signal transducer, we integrated multiple components based on RET (a type of proto-oncogene) into a logic gate combinatorial library, including basic logic gates (NOR, INHIBIT, IMPLICATION), a single three-input NOR gate, and combinatorial gates (INHIBIT-OR, NOT-AND-NOR). In this library, gates were connected in series where the output of the previous gate was the input for the next gate. Subsequently, by taking advantage of the library, some intelligent logic functions were realized. Expectedly, a biocomputing keypad-lock security system was designed by sequential logic operations. Moreover, a parity checker which can identify even numbers and odd numbers from natural numbers was established successfully. This work helps elucidate the design rules by which simple logic can be harnessed to produce diverse and complex calculations by rewiring communication between different gates. Together, our system may serve as a promising pro...Continue Reading

  • References55
  • Citations17

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Genetic Analysis RET Proto-oncogene Assay
Proto-Oncogenes
Thioflavin T
19-norandrostenedione
cDNA Library
Nucleic Acids
Attention
Fit-Checker
Proto-Oncogene Proteins

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.