A reverse effect of in vitro and in vivo concanavalin A-induced spleen cells on anti-sheep red blood cells response detected with a new method based on flow cytometry

Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods
M ShimizuT Iwaguchi

Abstract

A simple flow cytometric method for detecting humoral immunity against sheep red blood cells (SRBC) is described. The SRBC were incubated with the serum from SRBC-immunized mice, monoclonal anti-SRBC, or the supernatant which was obtained from the in vitro primary culture of spleen cells with SRBC. The antibodies which bound to SRBC were estimated by means of an immunofluorescence and a flow cytometry. When the channel number of the peak in the histogram of flow cytometry was measured as an index of fluorescence intensity of SRBC, the number significantly correlated with the concentration of IgM and IgG classes of anti-SRBC. The flow cytometry method and hemagglutination (HA) test, as a classic method, were compared in SRBC-immune sera and monoclonal anti-SRBC antibody. The sensitivity determined with flow cytometry was much higher than that with HA. The minimum detectable concentration of anti-SRBC antibody was found to be 3.4 ng/ml by the flow cytometry. The dose response of SRBC in in vitro primary culture was detected by the flow cytometry, not by HA, and the response increased with the dose of SRBC. Using this method, the effect of in vitro and in vivo concanavalin A (Con A)-induced spleen cells on humoral response against...Continue Reading

References

Jun 1, 1978·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·L J Wysocki, V L Sato
Aug 1, 1976·European Journal of Immunology·E GronowiczF Melchers
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