DOI: 10.1101/453910Oct 26, 2018Paper

A reverse-transcription/RNase H based protocol for depletion of mosquito ribosomal RNA facilitates viral intrahost evolution analysis, transcriptomics and pathogen discovery.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Joseph R FauverJames Weger-Lucarelli


Studies aimed at identifying novel viral sequences or assessing intrahost viral variation require sufficient sequencing coverage to assemble contigs and make accurate variant calling at low frequencies. Many samples come from host tissues where ribosomal RNA represents more than 90% of total RNA preparations, making unbiased sequencing of viral samples inefficient and highly expensive, as many reads will be wasted on cellular RNAs. In the presence of this amount of ribosomal RNA, it is difficult to achieve sufficient sequencing depth to perform analyses such as variant calling, haplotype prediction, virus population analyses, virus discovery or transcriptomic profiling. Many methods for depleting unwanted RNA or enriching RNA of interest have been devised, including poly-A selection, RNase H based specific depletion, duplex-specific nuclease treatment and hybrid capture selection, among others. Although these methods can be efficient, they either cannot be used for some viruses (i.e. non-polyadenylated viruses), have been optimized for use in a single species, or have the potential to introduce bias. In this study, we describe a novel approach that uses an RNaseH possessing reverse transcriptase coupled with selective probes fo...Continue Reading

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