PMID: 8610503Jan 1, 1995Paper

A review of coronary arteriography- and contrast media-induced ventricular fibrillation

Acta Radiologica. Supplementum
T W Morris


Since the first animal coronary arteriogram in 1933 there have been many innovations in techniques and contrast media. From 1933 through the late 1950s the procedures used involved nonselective aortic injections and the use of acetylcholine to slow the heart. The first selective coronary arteriogram in animals was performed by West, Kobayashi & Guzman in 1958 (45) and in 1959 Guzman & West (7) observed ventricular fibrillation with some media but not others. In 1967 Judkins (14) described the catheter designs for right and left coronary catheterizations that we still use today. In the 1970s and 80s many authors observed the ionic monomeric contrast media reduced plasma calcium causing fibrillation and myocardial depression. Supplementation of ionic media with calcium was shown to moderate these adverse effects. Almen's vision of low osmolality contrast media and the creation of metrizamide (1) stimulated the rapid development of monomeric and dimeric nonionic contrast media. The ionic dimeric medium ioxaglate also provided low osmolality. Digital frame grabbers and computers lead to the development of digital subtraction angiography and new applications of arteriography, frequently using dilute media. Unexpectedly, during prolo...Continue Reading


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