A review of injury epidemiology in the UK and Europe: some methodological considerations in constructing rates.

BMC Public Health
Roxana AlexandrescuFiona E Lecky

Abstract

Serious injuries have been stated as a public health priority in the UK. However, there appears to be a lack of information on population-based rates of serious injury (as defined by a recognised taxonomy of injury severity) at national level from either official statistics or research papers. We aim to address this through a search and review of literature primarily focused within the UK and Europe. The review summarizes research papers on the subject of population based injury epidemiology published from 1970 to 2008. We examined critically methodological approaches in measuring injury incident rates including data sources, description of the injury pyramid, matching numerator and denominator populations as well as the relationship between injury and socioeconomic status. National representative rates come from research papers using official statistics sources, often focusing on mortality data alone. Few studies present data from the perspective of an injury pyramid or using a standardized measure of injury severity, i.e. Injury Severity Score (ISS). The population movement that may result in a possible numerator - denominator mismatch has been acknowledged in five research studies and in official statistics. The epidemiologi...Continue Reading

References

Feb 1, 1992·Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health·T Nolan, M Penny
Feb 1, 1992·Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health·S S Walsh, S N Jarvis
Sep 1, 1991·International Journal of Epidemiology·E F van BeeckA E Kunst
May 1, 1990·Injury·Y SahlinP Balstad
Jan 1, 1987·Journal of Pediatric Surgery·J J TepasM Bryant
Jan 1, 1980·Epidemiologic Reviews·J GoldbergP S Levy
Mar 1, 1980·The Journal of Trauma·H R ChampionR H Prall
Sep 1, 1995·The Journal of Trauma·P CameronS Hooper
Jul 1, 1995·Injury·R S CookeD P Byrnes
Aug 1, 1995·Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health·M SchlaudC Grugel
Aug 1, 1995·Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health·M KellerhofH Brand
Jan 1, 1995·Annual Review of Public Health·P CummingsB A Mueller
Jan 1, 1996·The Journal of Trauma·C K van der SluisH J ten Duis
Nov 1, 1995·Annals of Epidemiology·S Linn
Aug 1, 1996·Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health·G M Watt, J Ozanne-Smith
Mar 1, 1997·Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care·A Stefánsdóttir, B Mogensen
Mar 8, 1997·BMJ : British Medical Journal·C DiGuiseppiL Li
Jun 1, 1997·The Journal of Trauma·E F van BeeckJ P Mackenbach
Sep 1, 1995·Injury Prevention : Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention·R A LyonsB N Littlepage
Mar 1, 1996·Injury Prevention : Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention·S S WalshA Aynsley-Green
Oct 23, 1998·Journal of the American College of Surgeons·D DemetriadesD J Gaspard
Oct 27, 1998·Injury Prevention : Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention·T F BeattieP Wright
Jan 15, 1999·Injury Prevention : Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention·I RobertsH Ward
Jan 29, 1999·Journal of Public Health Medicine·I RobertsM Barker
Sep 25, 1999·The Journal of Trauma·D E Clark, D R Hahn
Feb 25, 2000·Accident; Analysis and Prevention·W L Watson, J Ozanne-Smith
Feb 7, 2001·American Journal of Public Health·E G KrugR Lozano
Jun 28, 2000·International Journal of Epidemiology·J ParkkariM Järvinen

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Aug 6, 2013·Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine·Amal A El-BakaryHesham Kh Ismaeel
Apr 28, 2012·European Journal of Neurology : the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies·E PupilloUNKNOWN EURALS Consortium
Aug 2, 2011·BMC Public Health·Soheil SaadatMahdi Sharif-Alhoseini
Mar 1, 2012·Medical Science Monitor : International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research·Miloš VelemínskýPravoslav Stránský
Dec 2, 2011·Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries·Nicholas S KalsonKen W Dunn
Jun 21, 2011·Journal of the American College of Surgeons·Lynne MooreAndré Lavoie
Apr 13, 2010·Medicina intensiva·L Marina-MartínezS Rodríguez-Villa
Oct 26, 2014·International Journal for Equity in Health·Nathalie Saint-JacquesTrevor Jb Dummer
Aug 8, 2015·The Journal of Surgical Research·Thorsten JentzschRudolf Moos
Mar 28, 2012·The British Journal of Surgery·S PolinderE F van Beeck
Oct 30, 2015·Injury Prevention : Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention·Parminder RainaUNKNOWN PURE Investigators
Feb 1, 2014·International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion·Diana RusFloarea Mocean
Jun 23, 2016·International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion·Samuel N Forjuoh
Apr 1, 2017·Prehospital and Disaster Medicine·Erin HullandKyle Steenland
Jul 4, 2018·The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews·Zipporah Iheozor-EjioforJulie Bruce
Jul 6, 2018·Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine·Ajung KimJoonpil Cho
Nov 1, 2015·American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine·Mark StevensonRennie Ferguson
Feb 19, 2020·European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery : Official Publication of the European Trauma Society·Shujhat KhanMansoor Khan
Mar 17, 2021·Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries·Samuel SnellingDarren Lewis

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Methods Mentioned

BETA
ISS
NISS

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

Clinical Medicine : Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Alex BottlePaul Aylin
CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal = Journal De L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Shahzeer KarmaliMorad Hameed
The Journal of Trauma
Bruce M PotenzaTrauma Research and Education Foundation
World Journal of Surgery
Jonathan C SamuelArturo P Muyco
© 2022 Meta ULC. All rights reserved