A review of the potential protective effects of pentoxifylline against drug-induced nephrotoxicity

European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Zahra Nasiri-ToosiMahboob Lessan-Pezeshki

Abstract

Drug-induced nephrotoxicity is one of the most common side effects of medications and accounts for about 20 % of hospital admissions for acute kidney injury (AKI). Some possible pharmacologic mechanisms of pentoxifylline (PTX) that suggest it as a candidate to ameliorate AKI include interaction at the level of the adenosine receptors, increase in erythrocyte deformability, stimulation of vasodilatory prostaglandins production and prevention of vascular congestion, and suppression of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and apoptosis. This manuscript reviews all clinical and animal studies on the use of PTX as a renoprotective agent against a number of nephrotoxic drugs. Data were collected by searching MEDLINE, PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane central register of controlled trials, and Cochrane database systematic reviews. Key words used as search terms were pentoxifylline, nephroprotective, renoprotective, drug-induced renal diseases, drug-induced nephrotoxicity, drug-induced renal toxicity, and drug-induced nephropathy. This search was performed without time limitation. Most greatest number of studies and human clinical trials on the renoprotective effect of PTX against drug-induced nephrotoxicity involves cyclosporine (Cyc). It seems...Continue Reading

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