A Review on the Negative Impacts of Black Sand Mining on the Ecosystem of Kerala

C Sharon

Abstract

India having coastline of in excess of 6000 km, has likely the greatest and most luxurious coastline placers. India's beach sand stores and rises contain weighty minerals like ilmenite,zircon, rutile, monazite, and sillimanite, the world necessity of garnet. Kerala has a 570 km long coastline as one of world's most potential fishing ground with exceptional biodiversity and furthermore as the plentiful wellspring of probably the most extraordinary minerals that can be found in the world. The most expected wellspring of these mineral stores is the coastline of the stretch of Kollam and Alappuzha that extends around 150 km. The dark sand mining has influenced the biodiversity of the zone consequently absolutely influencing the lives of the rural communities bringing about an ecological constrained movement and occupation misfortune. This paper critically reviews the negative impacts of the black sand mining on the ecosystem of Kerala.

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