A Robust Non-Self-Consistent Tight-Binding Quantum Chemistry Method for large Molecules

Philipp PrachtStefan Grimme


We propose a semiempirical quantum chemical method, designed for the fast calculation of molecular Geometries, vibrational Frequencies and Non-covalent interaction energies (GFN) of systems with up to a few thousand atoms. Like its predecessors GFN-xTB and GFN2-xTB, the new method termed GFN0-xTB is parameterized for all elements up to radon (Z = 86) and mostly shares well-known density functional tight-binding approximations as well as basis set and integral approximations. The main new feature is the avoidance of the self-consistent charge iterations leading to speed-ups of a factor of 2-20 depending on the size and electronic complexity of the system. This is achieved by including only quantum mechanical contributions up to first-order which are incorporated similar to the previous versions without any pair-specific parameterization. The essential electrostatic electronic interaction is treated by a classical electronegativity equilibration charge model yielding atomic partial charges that enter the electronic Hamiltonian indirectly. Furthermore, the atomic charge-dependent D4 dispersion correction is included to account for long range London correlation effects. Formulas for analytical total energy gradients with respect to...Continue Reading

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