Nov 23, 2006

A role for kinesin-2 in COPI-dependent recycling between the ER and the Golgi complex

Current Biology : CB
Tobias StauberIsabelle Vernos

Abstract

Transport carriers operating between early compartments in the mammalian secretory pathway have to travel long distances in the cell by mostly relying on the microtubule network and its associated motor proteins. Although anterograde transport from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi complex is mediated by cytoplasmic dynein, the identity of the motor(s) mediating transport in the retrograde direction is presently unclear. Some studies have suggested that the heterotrimeric kinesin-2 complex plays a role in transport between the ER and the Golgi. Here, we have examined kinesin-2 function by using an RNA-interference approach to downregulate the expression of KAP3, the nonmotor subunit of kinesin-2, in HeLa cells. KAP3 silencing results in the fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus and a change in the steady-state localization of the KDEL-receptor (KDEL-R). Using specific transport assays, we show that the rate of anterograde secretory traffic is unaffected in these cells but that KDEL-R-dependent retrograde transport is strongly abrogated. Our data strongly support a role for kinesin-2 in the KDEL-R-/COPI-dependent retrograde transport pathway from the Golgi complex to the ER.

Mentioned in this Paper

Establishment and Maintenance of Localization
Immunofluorescence Assay
Biochemical Pathway
Dynein Activity
Transfection
Tissue Membrane
KIFAP3 protein, human
RAB6A gene
Coat Protein Complex I
Abnormal Fragmented Structure

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.