Sep 1, 1989

A screening program for detecting children with an increased SIDS risk (sudden and unexpected infant death)

Klinische Pädiatrie
S ScholleR Rathsack

Abstract

The prospective study presented conducted to prevent SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome). One of the proposed hypotheses on SIDS postulates a brainstem abnormality in the neuroregulation of cardiorespiratory processes. Therefore we characterized cardiorespiratory control mechanisms by examining the neurotransmitter substance P in plasma and polysomnographic investigations. With respect to the probable multifactorial origin of SIDS we selected children firstly anamnestically by means of an epidemiologically evaluated pre-, peri- and postnatal risk score. We reported the results of 208 polysomnographically and biochemically examined children anamnestically selected from a group of 2500 neonates. Examinations were performed on infants aged 2-4 weeks up to 1 year. To characterize respiratory control, length and frequency of apnoeas were separately estimated by means of polysomnography in the sleep states active and quiet sleep. If there were polygraphic risk factors representing a disturbance of respiratory control, the children were prophylactically treated with aminophylline 3 x 3 mg/kg b.w. for 4 weeks. We found a significant age dependence both of the mean apnoea duration in active sleep and the substance P level in plasma in t...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

TAC1
Corophyllin
Sleep Stages
Monitoring, Physiologic
Hypothalamic Substance P
IDS
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
Electroencephalogram

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