A selective estrogen receptor modulator, tamoxifen, and membrane fluidity of erythrocytes in normotensive and hypertensive postmenopausal women: an electron paramagnetic resonance investigation
American Journal of Hypertension
Kazushi Tsuda, Ichiro Nishio
Recent studies have shown that tamoxifen, which belongs to a group called selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERM), may exert protective effects against cardiovascular diseases and stroke in postmenopausal women. On the other hand, abnormalities in physical properties of the cell membranes may underlie the defects that are strongly linked to hypertension, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases. The present study was performed to investigate the effects of tamoxifen on cell membrane fluidity (a reciprocal value of membrane microviscosity) in normotensive and hypertensive postmenopausal women. We used an electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and spin-labeling method. Tamoxifen significantly decreased the order parameter (S) for 5-nitroxide stearate (5-NS) and the peak height ratio (h(o)/h(-1)) for 16-NS obtained from EPR spectra of erythrocyte membranes in normotensive postmenopausal women (mean +/- SEM, order parameter value; control 0.719 +/- 0.002, n = 41; tamoxifen 1 x 10(-7) mol/L 0.704 +/- 0.002, n = 41, P < .0001; tamoxifen 1 x 10(-6) mol/L 0.696 +/- 0.002, n = 41, P < .0001; tamoxifen 1 x 10(-5) mol/L 0.692 +/- 0.002, n = 41, P < .0001). The finding indicated that tamoxifen increased the membrane fluidity and impr...Continue Reading
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