Oct 15, 1989

A short sequence, within the amino acid tandem repeat of a cancer-associated mucin, contains immunodominant epitopes

International Journal of Cancer. Journal International Du Cancer
J BurchellT Duhig

Abstract

The polymorphic epithelial mucin (PEM) appears to be the target molecule for many monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) which react with tumour-associated and epithelium-specific antigens. PEM contains a large domain made up of 20 amino-acid tandem repeats which are highly immunodominant as many of the antibodies reactive with this molecule recognize epitopes within this area. Using overlapping peptide octamers, we have precisely mapped the epitopes of 4 MAbs reactive with the tandem repeats including one, SM-3, which shows enhanced tumour specificity. We report that the core of the SM-3 epitope corresponds to the continuous amino acid sequence Pro-Asp-Thr-Arg-Pro. We also show that the epitopes recognized by 3 other antibodies, which show reactivity with normal and malignant tissues, map to within this area of the tandem repeat. However, none of these epitopes contain the proline found at the amino end of the SM-3 determinant. These results are consistent with the idea that, in the cancer-associated mucin, premature termination of the carbohydrate side-chains results in the exposure of the SM-3 epitope.

Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
Peptide Mapping
Binding Sites, Antibody
Antigenic Specificity
Selfish DNA
Tumor Lysis Syndrome
Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Mucins
DNA, Double-Stranded

About this Paper

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