Nov 1, 1991

A sialoglycoprotein complex linked to the microvillus cytoskeleton acts as a receptor for pilus (AF/R1) mediated adhesion of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (RDEC-1) in rabbit small intestine

The Journal of Cell Biology
P RafieeY S Kim


Escherichia coli strain RDEC-1 is an enteroadherent, diarrheagenic pathogen in rabbits that utilizes AF/R1 pili for initial (stage 1) adherence, but the host receptors for this adhesion are unknown. Here we demonstrate that RDEC-1 binds, via AF/R1 pili, to a specific rabbit ileal microvillus membrane glycoprotein receptor complex of subunits 130 and 140 kD. The binding involves sialic acid present on oligosaccharide moieties of the glycoprotein receptor. Furthermore, the microvillus membrane glycoprotein receptor complex appears to be associated with cytoskeletal components via brush border myosin 1. This newly described link between AF/R1 receptor and cytoskeletal components suggests that, in addition to this function in mucosal adherence, the pili may facilitate subsequent (second stage) close effacing attachment of RDEC-1 to the host epithelium by influencing cytoskeletal function.

Mentioned in this Paper

Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Pathogenic Organism
Small Intestinal Wall Tissue
Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.