Oct 1, 1985

A simple catheter technique for production of AV block

The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Y AizawaN Maruyama

Abstract

Atrioventricular (AV) block was produced in animals for experimental purposes by use of a newly devised cannula. It has bipolar electrodes; one electrode on the needle tip and the other 5.0 mm proximally from the tip. Otherwise, the cannula was electrically completely insulated. The cannula was inserted from the right external jugular vein and advanced close to the AV ring. While His bundle electrogram was obtained with the electrodes, the AV node was accessed. The injection site was determined as the point where His bundle electrogram can be well recorded and the atrial electrogram is close to or larger than the ventricular electrogram in amplitude. Xylocain solution, 0.2 to 0.4 ml, was injected with the syringe attached on the other end of the cannula. Transient AV block occurred when the needle tip was properly positioned. Then, 0.2 ml to 0.4 ml of anhydrous alcohol was added to make permanent a AV block. A possible application of this technique was implicated.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Heart Block
Catheterization
Body Parts - Cannula
Specimen Type - Cannula
Left Bundle Branch of His
Right External Jugular Vein
Atrioventricular Block
Structure of Atrioventricular Node
Bundle of His
Heart Ventricle

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