May 23, 2014

A single amino acid in EBNA-2 determines superior B lymphoblastoid cell line growth maintenance by Epstein-Barr virus type 1 EBNA-2

Journal of Virology
Stelios TzellosPaul J Farrell

Abstract

Sequence differences in the EBNA-2 protein mediate the superior ability of type 1 Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) to transform human B cells into lymphoblastoid cell lines compared to that of type 2 EBV. Here we show that changing a single amino acid (S442D) from serine in type 2 EBNA-2 to the aspartate found in type 1 EBNA-2 confers a type 1 growth phenotype in a lymphoblastoid cell line growth maintenance assay. This amino acid lies in the transactivation domain of EBNA-2, and the S442D change increases activity in a transactivation domain assay. The superior growth properties of type 1 EBNA-2 correlate with the greater induction of EBV LMP-1 and about 10 cell genes, including CXCR7. In chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, type 1 EBNA-2 is shown to associate more strongly with EBNA-2 binding sites near the LMP-1 and CXCR7 genes. Unbiased motif searching of the EBNA-2 binding regions of the differentially regulated cell genes identified an ETS-interferon regulatory factor composite element motif that closely corresponds to the sequences known to mediate EBNA-2 regulation of the LMP-1 promoter. It appears that the superior induction by type 1 EBNA-2 of the cell genes contributing to cell growth is due to their being regulated in a ma...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

HEK293 Cells
CXCR7 protein, human
Aspartic Acid, Magnesium-Potassium (2:1:2) Salt
Aspartate
Viral Proteins
Trans-Activation, Genetic
Human leukocyte interferon
Genes, Viral
Promoter
C-X-C Motif Chemokine 12 Receptor Activity

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