Nov 7, 2019

A Single-Dose Combination Study with the Experimental Antimalarials Artefenomel and DSM265 To Determine Safety and Antimalarial Activity against Blood-Stage Plasmodium falciparum in Healthy Volunteers

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
James S McCarthyJörg Möhrle

Abstract

Artefenomel and DSM265 are two new compounds that have been shown to be well tolerated and effective when administered as monotherapy malaria treatment. This study aimed to determine the safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of artefenomel and DSM265 administered in combination to healthy subjects in a volunteer infection study using the Plasmodium falciparum-induced blood-stage malaria model. Thirteen subjects were inoculated with parasite-infected erythrocytes on day 0 and received a single oral dose of artefenomel and DSM265 on day 7. Cohort 1 (n = 8) received 200 mg artefenomel plus 100 mg DSM265, and cohort 2 (n = 5) received 200 mg artefenomel plus 50 mg DSM265. Blood samples were collected to measure parasitemia, gametocytemia, and artefenomel-DSM265 plasma concentrations. There were no treatment-related adverse events. The pharmacokinetic profiles of artefenomel and DSM265 were similar to those of the compounds when administered as monotherapy, suggesting no pharmacokinetic interactions. A reduction in parasitemia occurred in all subjects following treatment (log10 parasite reduction ratios over 48 h [PRR48] of 2.80 for cohort 1 and 2.71 for cohort 2; parasite clearance half-lives of 5.17 h for cohort 1 and 5.3...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Human Volunteers
Research Subject
Malaria, Falciparum
Malaria
Adverse Event
Parasitemia
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Plasma
Compound (Substance)

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