DOI: 10.1101/511048Jan 3, 2019Paper

A staphylococcal cyclophilin carries a single domain and unfolds via the formation of an intermediate that preserves cyclosporin A binding activity

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Soham SealSubrata Sau

Abstract

Cyclophilin (Cyp), a peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase), acts as a virulence factor in many bacteria including Staphylococcus aureus. The enzymatic activity of Cyp is inhibited by cyclosporin A (CsA), an immunosuppressive drug. To precisely determine the unfolding mechanism and the domain structure of Cyp, we have investigated a chimeric S. aureus Cyp (rCyp) using various probes. Our limited proteolysis and the consequent analysis of the proteolytic fragments indicate that rCyp is composed of one domain with a short flexible tail at the C-terminal end. We also show that the urea-induced unfolding of both rCyp and rCyp-CsA is completely reversible and proceeds via the synthesis of at least one stable intermediate. The secondary structure, tertiary structure, and the hydrophobic surface area of no intermediate are fully identical to those of other intermediate or the related native protein. Further analyses reveal no loss of CsA binding activity in rCyp intermediate. The thermodynamic stability of rCyp was also significantly increased in the presence of CsA, recommending that this protein could be employed to screen new CsA derivatives in future.

Related Concepts

Cyclosporine
Staphylococcus aureus
Peptidylprolyl Isomerase
Tertiary Protein Structure
Probes
Intermediate
Surface
Proteolysis
Structure
Cyclophilins

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