Oct 25, 2018

A Stu2-mediated intrinsic tension-sensing pathway promotes chromosome biorientation in vivo

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Matthew P MillerSue Biggins

Abstract

Accurate segregation of chromosomes to daughter cells is a critical aspect of cell division. It requires the kinetochores on duplicated chromosomes to biorient, attaching to microtubules from opposite poles of the cell. Bioriented attachments come under tension, while incorrect attachments lack tension and must be destabilized. A well-studied error correction pathway is mediated by the Aurora B kinase, which destabilizes low tension-bearing attachments. We recently discovered that in vitro, kinetochores display an additional intrinsic tension-sensing pathway that utilizes Stu2. This pathway's contribution to error correction in cells, however, was unknown. Here, we identify a Stu2 mutant that abolishes its kinetochore function and show that it causes error correction defects in vivo. We also show that this intrinsic tension-sensing pathway functions in concert with the Aurora B-mediated pathway. Together, our work indicates that cells employ at least two pathways to ensure biorientation and the accuracy of chromosome segregation.

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Mentioned in this Paper

In Vivo
Biochemical Pathway
Cell Division
Hormone-mediated Signaling Pathway
Mutant Proteins
Microtubules
Sister Chromatid Biorientation
AURKB
Chromosomes
Mutant

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