Nov 1, 1989

A study of monoamine metabolism in human epilepsy

The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. Le Journal Canadien Des Sciences Neurologiques
D LouwJ Girvin

Abstract

Fourteen patients with intractable epilepsy underwent surgical resection of their epileptogenic focus. Hippocampal and temporal cortical samples were obtained, and subjected to high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. Levels of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in actively spiking temporal cortex were 0.454 +/- 0.012 ng/mg (mean +/- SEM), contrasting with less actively spiking cortex values of 0.248 +/- 0.042 ng/mg and normal literature values, obtained from post-mortem material, of 0.140 +/- 0.050 ng/mg. Similarly, homovanillic acid (NVA) levels were significantly increased in epileptic tissue compared to normal literature values. Actively spiking cortex values were 0.172 +/- 0.001 pg/mg, less active cortex values were 0.058 +/- 0.012 pg/mg, and literature values were 0.011 +/- 0.002 pg/mg. Although a direct statistical comparison between the data reported here and literature values may not be valid, the findings show a continuum from normal through increasingly active electrode sites, likely reflecting a true biologic phenomena. Similarly, statistically significant increases in 5-HIAA and HVA levels were found in hippocampal tissue, which also showed significantly lower dihydroxyphenylacetic ac...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Homovanillic Acid
Pain, Intractable
Cortex Bone Disorders
Adrenal Cortex Diseases
Serotonin Measurement
Epilepsy
Neurons
Serotonin
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid, Monosodium Salt

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.