Apr 8, 2020

Impaired expression of chloroplast HSP90C chaperone activates plant defense responses leading to a disease symptom-like phenotype

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
S. IslamKappei Kobayashi


RNA-seq analysis of a transgenic tobacco plant, i-hpHSP90C, in which chloroplast HSP90C genes can be silenced in an artificially inducible manner resulting in the development of chlorosis, revealed the up- and down-regulation of 2746 and 3490 genes, respectively. Gene Ontology analysis of these differentially expressed genes indicated the upregulation of ROS-responsive genes, the activation of the innate immunity and cell death pathways, and the downregulation of genes involved in photosynthesis, plastid organization, and cell cycle. Cell death was confirmed by trypan blue staining and electrolyte leakage assay and the H2O2 production by diaminobenzidine staining. The upregulation of ER stress-responsive genes suggested the interplay between ER protein quality control and chloroplast or immune response. The results collectively suggest that the reduced levels of HSP90C chaperone leads the plant to develop chlorosis primarily through the global downregulation of chloroplast and photosynthesis-related genes and additionally through the light-dependent production of ROS, followed by the activation of immune responses including the cell death.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
COX17 gene
Regulation of Biological Process
High Throughput Technology
Gene Expression
Binding Protein

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