Apr 27, 2020

Cancer-specific loss of TERT activation sensitizes glioblastoma to DNA damage

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
A. M. AmenJoseph F Costello


Most glioblastomas (GBMs) achieve cellular immortality by acquiring a mutation in the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) promoter. TERT promoter mutations create a binding site for a GA binding protein (GABP) transcription factor complex, whose expression is associated with TERT reactivation and telomere maintenance. Here, using biochemical and cell biology approaches, we show direct evidence that a specific GABP complex containing the subunit protein GABPB1L forms predominantly at the mutant TERT promoter, leading to TERT re-expression. Furthermore, we find that TERT promoter mutant GBM cells, unlike wild-type cells, are immediately dependent on GABPB1L for proliferation in cell culture and post-tumor establishment in vivo. Notably, when combined with frontline temozolomide (TMZ) chemotherapy, GABPB1L knockdown and the associated TERT reduction lead to an impaired DNA damage response that results in profoundly reduced growth of intracranial GBM tumors. Together, these findings provide new insights into the mechanism of cancer-specific TERT regulation, uncover rapid effects of TERT suppression in GBM maintenance, and establish GABPB1L inhibition, alone or in combination with chemotherapy, as a therapeutic strategy for TERT...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Subfamily lentivirinae
Establishment of Episomal Latency
Regulation of Biological Process
Transcription, Genetic
Gene Regulatory Networks
Gene Annotation
Chromatin Location
Physiological Aspects

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