PMID: 45377Jun 1, 1977

A systematic error in the determination of blood PCO2

The American Review of Respiratory Disease
J E Hansen, D H Simmons


An analysis was made of the effect of sodium heparin solution on the determination of arterial blood PCO2, pH, and bicarbonate. Dilution of blood by heparin solution did not affect the pH of blood samples significantly but reduced the measured PCO2 and th calculated bicarbonate and base excess in direct proportion to the amount of dilution. Used in the usual quantities as an anticoagulant, lubricant, and filler of needle and syringe dead space, heparin solution caused a 17 per cent or greater reduction in PCO2 and bicarbonate in approximately 17 per cent of the arterial blood samples currently received for analysis in a university hospital laboratory. Such unrecognized errors could cause misinterpretations of acid-base status. Completely filling the sampling syringe with blood and using a small-gauge needle will reduce the error.

Related Concepts

Base Excess Measurement
Carbonic Acid Ions
A 17
Blood Arterial
Bicarbonate Measurement
Heparin, porcine
Carbon Dioxide

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Related Papers

Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
L H MonseinN J Olson
Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift für alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen
C Höhnke, S Haas
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved