PMID: 6419024Jan 1, 1984Paper

A temperature-sensitive mutant of Escherichia coli that shows enhanced misreading of UAG/A and increased efficiency for some tRNA nonsense suppressors

Molecular & General Genetics : MGG
S M Rydén, L A Isaksson


A spontaneous mutant was isolated that harbors a weak suppressing activity towards a UAG mutation, together with an inability to grow at 43 degrees C in rich medium. The mutation is shown to be associated with an increased misreading of UAG at certain codon contexts and UAA. UGA, missense or frameshift mutations do not appear to be misread to a similar extent. The mutation gives an increased efficiency to several amber tRNA suppressors without increasing their ambiguity towards UAA. The ochre suppressors SuB and Su5 are stimulated in their reading of both UAG and UAA with preference for UAG. An opal suppressor is not affected. The effect of the mutation on the efficiency of amber and ochre suppressors is dependent on the codon context of the nonsense codon. The mutated gene (uar) has been mapped and found to be recessive both with respect to suppressor-enhancing ability as well as for temperature sensitivity. The phenotype is partly suppressed by the ochre suppressor SuC. It is suggested that uar codes for a protein, which is involved in translational termination at UAG and UAA stop codons.


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