A Tendency Towards Details? Inconsistent Results on Auditory and Visual Local-To-Global Processing in Absolute Pitch Musicians

Frontiers in Psychology
Teresa Wenhart, Eckart Altenmüller

Abstract

Absolute pitch, the ability to name or produce a musical tone without a reference, is a rare ability which is often related to early musical training and genetic components. However, it remains a matter of debate why absolute pitch is relatively common in autism spectrum disorders and why absolute pitch possessors exhibit higher autistic traits. By definition absolute pitch is an ability that does not require the relation of tones but is based on a lower-level perceptual entity than relative pitch (involving relations between tones, intervals, and melodies). This study investigated whether a detail-oriented cognitive style, a concept borrowed from the autism literature (weak central coherence theory), might provide a framework to explain this joint occurrence. Two local-to-global experiments in vision (hierarchically constructed letters) and audition (hierarchically constructed melodies) as well as a pitch adjustment test measuring absolute pitch proficiency were conducted in 31 absolute pitch and 33 relative pitch professional musicians. Analyses revealed inconsistent group differences among reaction time, total of correct trials and speed-accuracy-composite-scores of experimental conditions (local vs. global, and congruent vs...Continue Reading

References

Apr 1, 1988·American Journal of Medical Genetics·J Profita, T G Bidder
Jul 1, 1974·Journal of Experimental Psychology·J A Siegel
Aug 1, 1982·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance·R Kimchi, S E Palmer
Feb 3, 1995·Science·G SchlaugH Steinmetz
Sep 1, 1994·Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines·S OzonoffF Filloux
Mar 1, 1993·Psychological Bulletin·A H Takeuchi, S H Hulse
Apr 16, 1998·American Journal of Human Genetics·S BaharlooN B Freimer
Jun 4, 1999·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·F Happé
Aug 12, 1999·American Journal of Human Genetics·P K GregersenE W Marvin
Feb 13, 2001·American Journal of Medical Genetics·P K GregersenE W Marvin
Jul 19, 2001·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·E Costa-GiomiE Lefebvre
Nov 15, 2001·NeuroImage·J P KeenanG Schlaug
Apr 5, 2003·Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience·Anna BonnelAnne-Marie Bonnel
Apr 8, 2003·Journal of Vision·Erin L Austen, James T Enns
May 14, 2003·Psychological Science·E Glenn Schellenberg, Sandra E Trehub
May 22, 2003·Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders·Walter A BrownSusan E Folstein
Aug 26, 2003·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·Jessica M FoxtonTimothy D Griffiths
Sep 10, 2003·Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines·Laurent MottronJames T Enns
Jan 11, 2005·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Daniel J Levitin, Susan E Rogers
Dec 24, 2005·Archives of Disease in Childhood·S Baron-Cohen
Feb 2, 2006·Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders·Francesca Happé, Uta Frith
Feb 3, 2006·Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders·Laurent MottronJake Burack
Oct 10, 2006·Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders·Sven BölteLutz Schmidt
Nov 23, 2006·Neuropsychologia·Lisa D Sanders, David Poeppel
Apr 17, 2007·Brain Research·Alexandra ListShlomo Bentin
Aug 29, 2007·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·E Alexandra AthosJane Gitschier
Oct 26, 2007·Neuropsychologia·Krista L HydeRobert J Zatorre
Mar 1, 2008·Autism : the International Journal of Research and Practice·Pamela HeatonFrancesca Happé
Jul 30, 2008·Cerebral Cortex·Sarah J WilsonDavid C Reutens
Apr 3, 2009·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·Simon Baron-Cohen
Apr 10, 2009·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·Diana DeutschBrian Head
Jun 17, 2009·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Laurent MottronIsabelle Soulières
Jul 14, 2009·Cerebral Cortex·Mathias S OechslinLutz Jäncke
Sep 4, 2009·Journal of Biology·Patrick Bermudez, Robert J Zatorre
Sep 19, 2009·Neuropsychologia·O CollignonM Lassonde
Jun 3, 2010·Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience·Psyche LouiGottfried Schlaug

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Jan 10, 2021·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·Lars RogenmoserGottfried Schlaug

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Software Mentioned

R
stats
sjstats
effsize
UNIPARK
car
psych
R package ggplot2

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Autism

Autism spectrum disorder is associated with challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, and often accompanied by sensory sensitivities and medical issues. Here is the latest research on autism.