PMID: 759058Jan 1, 1979Paper

A true hermaphrodite dispermic chimera with 46,XX and 46,XY karyotypes

Clinical Genetics
P H FitzgeraldR L Kirk


A 16-year-old male with hypospadias and gynaecomastia had a rudimentary uterus with a right Fallopian tube and ovary; the left gonad was a functioning testis. Cytogenetic studies showed cells with 46,XX and 46,XY sex chromosomes in cultured blood, skin and gonadal tissues. Cells with the 46,XX constitution predominated in all tissues. Extensive investigations failed to demonstrate blood cell and serum chimerism, but there was little genetic variation of these characters between family members. Cytogenetic studies demonstrated that the father had contributed different marker chromosomes to the 46,XY and 46,XX cell lines of the propositus, whereas the mother had contributed the same two informative markers to both cell lines. The patient was a chimera with two diploid cell lines of different sex that had developed from the products of two separate acts of syngamy. Dispermy was demonstrated, and, whereas there was no evidence of different maternal contributions to the chimeric cell lines, uncertainty remains that these were identical.


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