DOI: 0711.0846Nov 6, 2007Paper

A Unified Model of $\alpha$-Helix/$\beta$-Sheet/Random-Coil Transition in Proteins

Liu Hong, Jinzhi Lei


The theory of transition between $\alpha$-helix, $\beta$-sheet and random coil conformation of a protein is discussed through a simple model, that includes both short and long-range interactions. Besides the bonding parameter and helical initiation factor in Zimm-Bragg model, three new parameters are introduced to describe beta structure: the local constraint factor for a single residue to be contained in a $\beta$-strand, the long-range bonding parameter that accounts for the interaction between a pair of bonded $\beta$-strands, and a correction factor for the initiation of a $\beta$-sheet. Either increasing local constraint factor or long-range bonding parameter can cause a transition from $\alpha$-helix or random coil conformation to $\beta$-sheet conformation. The sharpness of transition depends on the competition between short and long-range interactions. Other effective factors, such as the chain length and temperature, are also discussed. In this model, the entropy due to different ways to group $\beta$-strands into different $\beta$-sheets gives rise to significant contribution to partition function, and makes major differences between beta structure and helical structure.

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that involves excessive distress and anxiety with separation. This may include separation from places or people to which they have a strong emotional connection with. It often affects children more than adults. Here is the latest research on separation anxiety.

KIF1A Associated Neurological Disorder

KIF1A associated neurological disorder (KAND) is a rare neurodegenerative condition caused by mutations in the KIF1A gene. KAND may present with a wide range and severity of symptoms including stiff or weak leg muscles, low muscle tone, a lack of muscle coordination and balance, and intellectual disability. Find the latest research on KAND here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved