Forensics aims at using physical evidence to solve investigations with science-based principles, thus operating within a theoretical framework. This however, is often rather weak, the exception being DNA-based human forensics that is well anchored in theory. Soil is a most commonly encountered, easily and unknowingly transferred evidence but it is seldom employed as soil analyses require extensive expertise. In contrast, comparative analyses of soil bacterial communities using nucleic acid technologies can efficiently and precisely locate the origin of forensics soil traces. However, this application is still in its infancy, and is very rarely used. We posit that understanding the theoretical bases and limitations of their uses is essential for soil microbial forensics to be judiciously implemented. Accordingly, we review the ecological theory and experimental evidence explaining differences between soil microbial communities- i.e. the generation of beta diversity and propose to integrate a bottom-up approach of interactions at the micro-scale, reflecting historical contingencies with top-down mechanisms driven by the geographic template, providing a potential explanation why bacterial communities map according to soil types. F...Continue Reading
Enzymatic amplification of beta-globin genomic sequences and restriction site analysis for diagnosis of sickle cell anemia
Multi-scale variation in spatial heterogeneity for microbial community structure in an eastern Virginia agricultural field
Sampling strategy in molecular microbial ecology: influence of soil sample size on DNA fingerprinting analysis of fungal and bacterial communities
Bacterial activity, community structure, and centimeter-scale spatial heterogeneity in contaminated soil
Microbial metagenome profiling using amplicon length heterogeneity-polymerase chain reaction proves more effective than elemental analysis in discriminating soil specimens
Bacterial diversity of soils assessed by DGGE, T-RFLP and SSCP fingerprints of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA gene fragments: do the different methods provide similar results?
The power of species sorting: local factors drive bacterial community composition over a wide range of spatial scales
Evaluation of the bacterial diversity in the feces of cattle using 16S rDNA bacterial tag-encoded FLX amplicon pyrosequencing (bTEFAP)
Linking microbial community structure and function to seasonal differences in soil moisture and temperature in a Chihuahuan desert grassland
Pyrosequencing-based assessment of soil pH as a predictor of soil bacterial community structure at the continental scale
Spatial patterns of bacterial taxa in nature reflect ecological traits of deep branches of the 16S rRNA bacterial tree
An improved fluorescence in situ hybridization protocol for the identification of bacteria and archaea in marine sediments
Application of the denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) technique as an efficient diagnostic tool for ciliate communities in soil
Seasonality and resource availability control bacterial and archaeal communities in soils of a temperate beech forest
Chemical elemental distribution and soil DNA fingerprints provide the critical evidence in murder case investigation
Microbial diversity affects self-organization of the soil-microbe system with consequences for function
Comparison of bacterial DNA profiles of footwear insoles and soles of feet for the forensic discrimination of footwear owners
The potential use of bacterial community succession in forensics as described by high throughput metagenomic sequencing
The living dead: bacterial community structure of a cadaver at the onset and end of the bloat stage of decomposition
Metagenomic analyses of bacteria on human hairs: a qualitative assessment for applications in forensic science
Microscale heterogeneity explains experimental variability and non-linearity in soil organic matter mineralisation
The Potential of High-throughput Metagenomic Sequencing of Aquatic Bacterial Communities to Estimate the Postmortem Submersion Interval
Potential sources of microbial colonizers in an initial soil ecosystem after retreat of an alpine glacier
Next-Generation Sequencing of the Bacterial 16S rRNA Gene for Forensic Soil Comparison: A Feasibility Study
Bacterial diversity and composition in major fresh produce growing soils affected by physiochemical properties and geographic locations
Size Matters: Assessing Optimum Soil Sample Size for Fungal and Bacterial Community Structure Analyses Using High Throughput Sequencing of rRNA Gene Amplicons
Temporal dynamics of hot desert microbial communities reveal structural and functional responses to water input
Individualization of pubic hair bacterial communities and the effects of storage time and temperature
Soil characterisation by bacterial community analysis for forensic applications: A quantitative comparison of environmental technologies
Improved Bacterial 16S rRNA Gene (V4 and V4-5) and Fungal Internal Transcribed Spacer Marker Gene Primers for Microbial Community Surveys
Soil DNA metabarcoding and high-throughput sequencing as a forensic tool: considerations, potential limitations and recommendations
A Machine Learning Approach for Using the Postmortem Skin Microbiome to Estimate the Postmortem Interval
The Source and Evolutionary History of a Microbial Contaminant Identified Through Soil Metagenomic Analysis
Daily thanatomicrobiome changes in soil as an approach of postmortem interval estimation: An ecological perspective
Targeted sequencing of clade-specific markers from skin microbiomes for forensic human identification
Bioinformatics Approach to Assess the Biogeographical Patterns of Soil Communities: The Utility for Soil Provenance
A large-scale survey of the postmortem human microbiome, and its potential to provide insight into the living health condition
Emergent Properties of Microbial Activity in Heterogeneous Soil Microenvironments: Different Research Approaches Are Slowly Converging, Yet Major Challenges Remain
Forensic human identification with targeted microbiome markers using nearest neighbor classification
Soil parameters, land use, and geographical distance drive soil bacterial communities along a European transect
Patterns of local, intercontinental and inter-seasonal variation of soil bacterial and eukaryotic microbial communities
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