A walk on the dirt: Soil microbial forensics from ecological theory to the crime lab

FEMS Microbiology Reviews
Edouard Jurkevitch, Zohar Pasternak

Abstract

Forensics aims at using physical evidence to solve investigations with science-based principles, thus operating within a theoretical framework. This however, is often rather weak, the exception being DNA-based human forensics that is well anchored in theory. Soil is a most commonly encountered, easily and unknowingly transferred evidence but it is seldom employed as soil analyses require extensive expertise. In contrast, comparative analyses of soil bacterial communities using nucleic acid technologies can efficiently and precisely locate the origin of forensics soil traces. However, this application is still in its infancy, and is very rarely used. We posit that understanding the theoretical bases and limitations of their uses is essential for soil microbial forensics to be judiciously implemented. Accordingly, we review the ecological theory and experimental evidence explaining differences between soil microbial communities- i.e. the generation of beta diversity and propose to integrate a bottom-up approach of interactions at the micro-scale, reflecting historical contingencies with top-down mechanisms driven by the geographic template, providing a potential explanation why bacterial communities map according to soil types. F...Continue Reading

References

Dec 20, 1991·Science·R C Lewontin, D L Hartl
Nov 1, 2001·Research in Microbiology·Lionel Ranjard, A Richaume
Apr 25, 1953·Nature·M H F WILKINSH R WILSON
Apr 25, 1953·Nature·R E FRANKLIN, R G GOSLING
Feb 19, 2004·The American Naturalist·Helmut Hillebrand
Apr 16, 2004·Microbial Ecology·D L Mummey, P D Stahl
Jun 12, 2004·Science·I M Young, John W Crawford
Dec 14, 2004·Nature·M Claire Horner-DevineBrendan J M Bohannan
May 12, 2005·Nature Reviews. Microbiology·Marc G Dumont, J Colin Murrell
Oct 11, 2005·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Mark BlaxterEyualem Abebe
Nov 5, 2005·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Boris WawrikGerben Zylstra
Jan 13, 2006·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Noah Fierer, Robert B Jackson
Jan 12, 2007·Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology·Steven S WitkinPaulo Giraldo
Dec 14, 2007·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Katleen Van der GuchtLuc De Meester
Mar 11, 2008·Current Biology : CB·Michiel Vos, Gregory J Velicer
May 13, 2008·Journal of Forensic Sciences·Melissa S Meyers, David R Foran
May 30, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jed A FuhrmanJames H Brown
May 15, 2009·The ISME Journal·Ederson da C JesusFatima M de S Moreira
May 30, 2009·Science·Elizabeth A GriceJulia A Segre
Jun 9, 2009·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Christian LauberNoah Fierer
Aug 8, 2009·Trends in Microbiology·Stéphane UrozPascale Frey-Klett
Mar 17, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Noah FiererRob Knight
Apr 2, 2010·Molecular Ecology·Ursel M E SchütteLarry J Forney
Apr 20, 2010·Forensic Science International : Synergy·David O CarterMark Tibbett
Jun 11, 2010·The ISME Journal·Thomas Bell
Sep 21, 2010·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Ken C McGrathPeer M Schenk
Apr 27, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jennifer B H MartinyM Claire Horner-Devine
Aug 19, 2011·The ISME Journal·Jack A GilbertDawn Field
Dec 14, 2011·Journal of the Royal Society, Interface·John W CrawfordIain Young
May 15, 2012·Nature Reviews. Microbiology·China A HansonJennifer B H Martiny
Jul 10, 2012·Nature Reviews. Microbiology·Stephen B Pointing, Jayne Belnap
Nov 30, 2012·The ISME Journal·Zohar PasternakEdouard Jurkevitch
Jan 18, 2013·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Woo Jun SulMitchell L Sogin
Feb 7, 2013·Nature Communications·Lionel RanjardPhilippe Lemanceau
May 31, 2013·The ISME Journal·Vanessa L BaileyLee Ann McCue
Jun 12, 2013·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Jennifer L PechalJeffery K Tomberlin
Feb 1, 2012·Environmental Microbiology Reports·Eva S Lindström, Silke Langenheder
Nov 23, 2013·PloS One·Jennifer L PechalM Eric Benbow
Jan 1, 2010·Global Ecology and Biogeography : a Journal of Macroecology·Rebecca E DrenovskyKate M Scow
May 9, 2014·Forensic Science International : Synergy·S GiampaoliV Romano Spica
Jun 8, 2014·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Christian LauberRob Knight
Aug 6, 2014·Journal of Microbiological Methods·Ismail CanPeter A Noble
Aug 12, 2014·PloS One·Anastasia S KhodakovaAdrian Linacre
Aug 26, 2014·Forensic Science International. Genetics·Jennifer M YoungAlan Cooper
Nov 16, 2014·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Sean M GibbonsScott T Kelley
Nov 29, 2014·Science·Leho TedersooKessy Abarenkov
Nov 29, 2014·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Embriette R HydeSibyl R Bucheli
Mar 24, 2015·Forensic Science International. Genetics·Douglas R Hares
Mar 27, 2015·Environmental Microbiology·Hagai RaananAaron Kaplan
May 13, 2015·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Eric A FranzosaCurtis Huttenhower
May 15, 2015·Microbiome·Simon LaxJack A Gilbert
Jun 23, 2015·Journal of Forensic Sciences·Kathleen A HautherJennifer M DeBruyn
Sep 30, 2015·PeerJ·James F MeadowBrendan J M Bohannan
Feb 26, 2016·Environmental Microbiology·Sarah L O'BrienDionysios A Antonopoulos
Mar 5, 2016·Frontiers in Microbiology·Gulnaz T JavanJennifer G Mulle
Apr 12, 2016·Microbes and Infection·Sarah L LeakeGilbert Greub
May 7, 2016·Cell·Julia OhJulia A Segre
Jul 6, 2016·Nature Communications·Jizhong ZhouJames H Brown
Jul 16, 2016·Microbial Ecology·Rory MichellandGenevieve L Grundmann
Oct 12, 2016·Microbiology Spectrum·Tasha M Santiago-Rodriguez, Raúl J Cano
Oct 17, 2016·Forensic Science International. Genetics·Diana W Williams, Greg Gibson
Dec 17, 2016·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Sandrine DemanèchePascal Simonet
Apr 4, 2017·Trends in Biotechnology·Jessica L MetcalfRob Knight
Jun 20, 2017·PeerJ·Jennifer M DeBruyn, Kathleen A Hauther
Aug 2, 2017·MSystems·Ashley A RossJosh D Neufeld
Aug 19, 2017·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Joe Adserias-GarrigaJesús Garcia-Gil
Aug 22, 2017·Nature Reviews. Microbiology·Noah Fierer
Sep 10, 2017·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Sarah E SchmedesBruce Budowle
Oct 25, 2017·Forensic Science International. Genetics·Sarah E SchmedesBruce Budowle
Nov 8, 2017·Scientific Reports·Manuel Sánchez-MarañónMiguel Soriano
Jan 20, 2018·Science·Manuel Delgado-BaquerizoNoah Fierer
Apr 18, 2018·The ISME Journal·Kyle M MeyerBrendan J M Bohannan
Jul 7, 2018·Science Advances·Battle KarimiLionel Ranjard
Aug 3, 2018·Nature·Mohammad BahramPeer Bork
Aug 4, 2018·Science·Joshua E GoldfordAlvaro Sanchez
Oct 12, 2018·Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology·Manuela Oliveira, António Amorim
Nov 6, 2018·Forensic Science International. Genetics·August E WoernerBruce Budowle
Nov 9, 2018·Journal of Forensic Sciences·Whitney A KodamaChristopher B Happy
Nov 18, 2018·Forensic Science International. Genetics·Habteab HabtomEdouard Jurkevitch
May 2, 2019·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Katherine PhanClaude Roux
May 18, 2019·MSystems·Elias K ZegeyeHans C Bernstein
May 18, 2019·The Science of the Total Environment·Quanchao ZengYing Wang
Jun 21, 2019·Microbes and Environments·Kota WatanabeKenji Sakai
Dec 8, 2019·The Science of the Total Environment·Judith Kraut-CohenDror Minz
Jan 9, 2020·Nature Communications·Samuel Bickel, Dani Or

Related Concepts

Forensic Medicine
Nucleic Acids
DNA Sequence
Evaluation
Analysis
Anchoring Procedure
Bottom
Top (Position)
Homo sapiens
Bacteria

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

The Tendon Seed Network

Tendons are rich in the extracellular matrix and are abundant throughout the body providing essential roles including structure and mobility. The transcriptome of tendons is being compiled to understand the micro-anatomical functioning of tendons. Discover the latest research pertaining to the Tendon Seed Network here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Incretins

Incretins are metabolic hormones that stimulate a decrease in glucose levels in the blood and they have been implicated in glycemic regulation in the remission phase of type 1 diabetes. Here is the latest research.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Long COVID-19

“Long Covid-19” describes illness in patients who are reporting long-lasting effects of the SARS-CoV-19 infection, often long after they have recovered from acute Covid-19. Ongoing health issues often reported include low exercise tolerance and breathing difficulties, chronic tiredness, and mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. This feed follows the latest research into Long Covid.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Related Papers

Microbiology Spectrum
Tasha M Santiago-Rodriguez, Raúl J Cano
Journal of Environmental Monitoring : JEM
Stephen Mudge
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
S J O'Brien
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved