PMID: 7939587Jun 30, 1994Paper

Absorption and excretion of cobalt in the hard metal industry

The Science of the Total Environment
G ScansettiC Ponzetti

Abstract

Absorption and excretion of cobalt in the hard metal industry was investigated by means of ambient air and urine measurements in three factories with high levels of environmental cobalt pollution. In the presence of poor hygiene conditions and permission to smoking during work, there was no relationship between cobalt ambient air and cobalt urine concentrations. Such a finding was therefore attributed to a substantial skin contact. A simple experiment of skin exposure to freshly mixed or waste powder on volunteers identified a ten-fold increase of cobalt in urine in the post-exposure samples, thus confirming the contribution of dermal exposure as a route of entry. An improvement in the hygiene of the working conditions helped to investigate the relationship between exposure and excretion level. Cobalt uptake through the different routes of entry may be substantial, and requires a more prolonged exposure-free period so that the excretion rate can be reduced to the reference population level.

References

Jan 1, 1985·International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health·G ScansettiF Fantoni

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Citations

Jun 1, 2006·International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health·Fumiko OhashiMasayuki Ikeda
Jun 30, 1994·The Science of the Total Environment·M A White, D Dyne
Jun 30, 1994·The Science of the Total Environment·E SabbioniP Seghizzi
Jun 22, 2013·Toxicological Sciences : an Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology·Toshinobu KuroishiShunji Sugawara
Jun 26, 1999·Journal of Toxicology. Clinical Toxicology·D G Barceloux
Oct 9, 2007·The Science of the Total Environment·R W Leggett
Mar 27, 2007·Toxicology Letters·Francesca LareseNadia Renzi
Jun 23, 2011·Contact Dermatitis·Jacob P ThyssenJeanne D Johansen
Oct 15, 2013·Contact Dermatitis·Jacob P ThyssenTorkil Menné
Sep 22, 2012·Toxicology in Vitro : an International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA·Francesca Larese FilonGiovanni Maina
Feb 18, 2014·Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology : RTP·Beatrice BoccaGiovanni Forte
Feb 11, 2015·Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology : RTP·Chukwujindu M A IwegbueBice S Martincigh
Aug 24, 2010·Journal of Environmental Monitoring : JEM·Aleksandr B StefaniakGregory A Day
Jul 7, 2011·Human & Experimental Toxicology·S CatalaniP Apostoli
Sep 3, 2018·Occupational and Environmental Medicine·Jolinde KettelarijAnneli Julander
Aug 7, 2020·Dentistry Journal·Constanze OlmsMaryam Yahiaoui-Doktor
Jan 13, 2017·International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health·Andrea PrincivalleLuigi Perbellini
Jul 14, 2017·Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine·Kathleen J KennedyGary M Marsh
Oct 17, 2009·Chemical Research in Toxicology·Jacob P Thyssen, Torkil Menné

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