Apr 10, 2020

Metabolite plasticity drives carbon-nitrogen resource budgeting to enable division of labor in a clonal community

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Sriram VarahanSunil Laxman

Abstract

Previously, we discovered that in glucose-limited yeast colonies, metabolic constraints drive cells into groups exhibiting gluconeogenic and glycolytic metabolic states. Here, threshold amounts of trehalose - a limiting, produced resource, controls the emergence and self-organization of the cells exhibiting the glycolytic state, by acting as a carbon source to fuel these metabolic demands (Varahan et al., 2019). We now discover that the plasticity of use of a non-limiting resource, aspartate, controls both resource production and the emergence of heterogeneous cell states, based on differential cellular metabolic budgeting. In gluconeogenic cells, aspartate provides carbon for trehalose production, while in glycolytic cells using trehalose for carbon, aspartate supplies nitrogen to drive nucleotide synthesis. This metabolic plasticity of aspartate enables carbon-nitrogen budgeting, thereby driving the biochemical self-organization of distinct cell states. Through this organization, cells in each state exhibit true division of labor, providing bet-hedging and growth/survival advantages for the whole community.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Antigens, Differentiation
Protein Methylation
Genome
Environment
Sperm Cell
Methylate
Sample Fixation
Profile (Lab Procedure)
Etiology

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