PMID: 591916Nov 1, 1977

Accelerating effect of 2,4,6-trinitrophenol on the glycolytic rate of human red cells

The Journal of General Physiology
B Vestergaard-Bogind, G Lunn

Abstract

A number of instantaneous changes occurred when picrate was added to a suspension of human red cells in steady state with respect to glycolysis and ion distribution across the membrane at pH 7.40. The rate of glycolysis increased, without change in glycolytic quotient, to a new steady-state value, the effect reaching a maximum of 1.75 times the rate of the control at 0.5 mM picrate. Inorganic phosphate (P(i)) was released at a relatively constant rate, increasing with picrate concentration to 1.0 mmol P(i)/liter cells x h at 5-6 mM picrate. The steady- state concentrations of ATP and 1,3-diphosphoglycerate (1,3-DPG) decreased to new stable values within 15-45 min after the addition of picrate. The ATP level was affected only at picrate concentrations of 1 mM or more, and the level of ATP stabilized at 75 percent of the control values at 4 mM of picrate. In contrast, 1,3-DPG concentrations decreased to 40 percent of the control value of 0.5 mM picrate. Higher concentrations of picrate resulted in only a small additional decrease in the stationary concentration of 1,3-DGP. A net efflux of cellular potassium at constant rate took place. This net efflux was an almost linear function of picrate concentration in the range of 0.1-3 mM...Continue Reading

References

Jun 30, 1975·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·R Whittam, A R Chipperfield
Feb 18, 1964·Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications·I A RoseE L O'Connell
Oct 1, 1973·Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics·Z B Rose
May 1, 1971·The Journal of General Physiology·R B Gunn, D C Tosteson
Jan 1, 1968·Acta Chemica Scandinavica·H Rasmussen, R Nielsen
Jan 1, 1962·Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation·B Vestergaard-Bogind
Jan 1, 1964·Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation·B Vestergaard-Bogind
Apr 26, 1965·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·S MINAKAMI, H YOSHIKAWA

Related Concepts

Magnesium ADP
Adenosine Triphosphate, Chromium Ammonium Salt
Erythrocytes
Glycolysis
Lactates
Orthophosphate
Picrates
Potassium

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.