Access schedules mediate the impact of high fat diet on ethanol intake and insulin and glucose function in mice

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Caitlin R CokerYuval Silberman

Abstract

Alcoholism and high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity individually promote insulin resistance and glucose intolerance in clinical populations, increasing risk for metabolic diseases. Conversely, animal studies, typically utilizing forced/continuous alcohol (EtOH) access, tend to show that EtOH intake mitigates HFD-induced effects on insulin and glucose function, while HFD decreases voluntary EtOH intake in continuous access models. However, the impact of HFD on intermittent EtOH intake and resultant changes to metabolic function are not well characterized. The present studies sought to determine if HFD alters EtOH intake in male C57Bl/6J mice given differing two-bottle choice EtOH access schedules, and to assess resultant impact on insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance. In the first experiment, mice had Unlimited Access EtOH (UAE)+HFD (n=15; HFD=60% calories from fat, 10% EtOH v/v, ad libitum ) or UAE+Chow (n=15; control diet=16% calories from fat, ad libitum ) for 6 weeks. UAE+HFD mice had lower EtOH preference, consumed significantly less EtOH, and were insulin resistant and hyperglycemic compared with UAE+Chow mice. In the second experiment, mice had Limited Access EtOH (LAE, 4 hrs/d; 3 d/wk)+HFD (n=15) or LAE+Chow (n=15) w...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Ethanol
Alcoholic Intoxication, Chronic
Diet
Hyperglycemia
Insulin
Insulin Resistance
Metabolic Diseases
Laboratory mice
Obesity
Glucose Tolerance

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