Accumulation and storage of Zn2+ by Candida utilis

Journal of General Microbiology
M L FaillaE D Weinberg

Abstract

Starved cells of Candida utilis accumulated Zn2+ by two different processes. The first was a rapid, energy- and temperature-independent system that probably represented binding to the cell surface. The cells also possessed an energy-, pH-, and temperature-dependent system that was capable of accumulating much greater quantities of the cation than the binding process. The energy-dependent system was inhibited by KCN, Na2HAsO4, m-chlorophenyl carbonylcyanide hydrazone, N-ethylmaleimide, EDTA and diethylenetriaminepenta-acetic acid. The system was specific inasmuch as Ca2+, Cr3+, Mn2+, Co2+ or Cu2+ did not compete with, inhibit, or enhance the process, Zn2+ uptake was inhibited by Cd2+. The system exhibited saturation kinetics with a half-saturation value of 1.3 muM and a maximum rate of 0.21 (nmol Zn2+) min(-1) (mg dry wt(-1)) at 30 degrees C. Zn2+ uptake required intact membranes since only the binding process was observed in the presence of nystatin, toluene, or sodium dodecyl sulphate. Cells did not exchange recently accumulated toluene, or sodium dodecyl sulphate. Cells did not exchange recently accumulated 65Zn following the addition of a large excess of non-radioactive Zn2+. Similarly, cells pre-loaded with 65Zn did not los...Continue Reading

Citations

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Related Concepts

Arsenates
Candida utilis
Plasma Membrane
Isocyanides
Pentetates
Edetic Acid, Sodium Salt
Respiratory Chain
Ethylmaleimide
Formol
Yeast Proteins

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