Accuracy and calibration of commercial oligonucleotide and custom cDNA microarrays

Nucleic Acids Research
Tony YuenStuart C Sealfon


We compared the accuracy of microarray measurements obtained with oligonucleotide arrays (GeneChip, Affymetrix) with a laboratory-developed cDNA array by assaying test RNA samples from an experiment using a paradigm known to regulate many genes measured on both arrays. We selected 47 genes represented on both arrays, including both known regulated and unregulated transcripts, and established reference relative expression measurements for these genes in the test RNA samples using quantitative reverse transcriptase real-time PCR (QRTPCR) assays. The validity of the reproducible (average coefficient of variation = 11.8%) QRTPCR measurements were established through application of a new mathematical model. The performance of both array platforms in identifying regulated and non-regulated genes was identical. With either platform, 16 of 17 definitely regulated genes were correctly identified, and no definitely unregulated transcript was falsely identified as regulated. Accuracy of the fold-change measurements obtained with each platform was assessed by determining measurement bias. Both platforms consistently underestimate the relative changes in mRNA expression between experimental and control samples. The bias observed with cDNA a...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Regulation of Biological Process
Transcription, Genetic
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
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