Feb 22, 2012

Aceticlastic and NaCl-requiring methanogen "Methanosaeta pelagica" sp. nov., isolated from marine tidal flat sediment

Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Koji MoriYoichi Kamagata

Abstract

Among methanogens, only 2 genera, Methanosaeta and Methanosarcina, are known to contribute to methanogenesis from acetate, and Methanosaeta is a specialist that uses acetate specifically. However, Methanosaeta strains so far have mainly been isolated from anaerobic digesters, despite the fact that it is widespread, not only in anaerobic methanogenic reactors and freshwater environments, but also in marine environments, based upon extensive 16S rRNA gene-cloning analyses. In this study, we isolated an aceticlastic methanogen, designated strain 03d30q(T), from a tidal flat sediment. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA and mcrA genes revealed that the isolate belongs to the genus Methanosaeta. Unlike the other known Methanosaeta species, this isolate grows at Na(+) concentrations of 0.20 to 0.80 M, with an optimum concentration of 0.28 M. Quantitative estimation using real-time PCR detected the 16S rRNA gene of the genus Methanosaeta in the marine sediment, and relative abundance ranged from 3.9% to 11.8% of the total archaeal 16S rRNA genes. In addition, the number of Methanosaeta organisms increased with increasing depth and was much higher than that of Methanosarcina organisms, suggesting that aceticlastic methanogens contr...Continue Reading

  • References35
  • Citations23

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Sediments, Marine
Methane
DNA, Ribosomal
Oxidation
Phylogeny
Methanobacteria
Isolate compound
Archaeal Proteins
Acetate Metabolic Process

Related Feeds

Archaeogenetics

Recent advances in genomic sequencing has led to the discovery of new strains of Archaea and shed light on their evolutionary history. Discover the latest research on Archaeogenetics here.