Mar 1, 1976

Acetylcholinesterase and responses to acetylcholine in the embryonic chicken heart

The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
J Lelorier, F E Shideman


Three and 4 day old embryonic chicken hearts were examined for their responsiveness to acetylcholine and presence of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) to determine the role of the enzyme in the cardiac effects of the transmitter. The effects of acetylcholine on rate and contractility of 3 day old hearts were indistinguishable from those on 4 day old hearts. The effects were readily blocked by atropine at both stages of development. In 3 day old hearts the responses to acetylcholine were not affected by the AChE inhibitor physostigmine but in 4 day old hearts they were considerably potentiated. The effect of acetylcholine on the rates of 4 day old hearts is of short duration (5 min or less). In 3 day old hearts it persists for a much longer time. Thus, the appearance of AChE in the embryonic heart of the chicken does not seem to modify the responsiveness of the cholinergic receptor to the transmitter.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Depression, Chemical
Chick Embryo
Acetylcholine Sulfate (1: 1)
Pulse Rate

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