Jan 1, 1976

Acetylsecohemicholinium: chemical and pharmacological evaluation of an open-ring hemicholinium

Pharmacology
M E Maggio-Cavaliere

Abstract

Acetylsecohemicholinium No. 3 (AcHC-3), the acetate of the open ring (seco form of hemicholinium No. 3, HC-3) hydrolyzes in vitro to the hemiacetal HC-3 at pH values above 9, a temperature-dependent conversion illustrated by ultraviolet spectral shifts from 305 to 257 mmu, and to a limited extent by certain esterases as measured by manometric analysis. An LD50 of 125 mug/kg for a neutral solution of AcHC-3 was decreased to 78.3 mug/kg (the LD50 of HC-3) upon being made basic. Prolonged treatment of mice with LD10-20 doses of AcHC-3 was associated with decreased fatty acid oxidation in the liver and resulted in infiltration of fat into hepatic cells, a reaction preventable by treatment with small doses of choline (10 mg/kg). AcHC-3 causes neuromuscular and autonomic ganglionic blockade, cholinesterase inhibition, and in vitro inhibition of acetylcholine (ACh) synthesis. These actions, although HC-3-like, appear to be due to AcHC-3 rather than HC-3 since neither cholinesterase inhibition nor hepatic ligation altered the neuromuscular blocking actions of AcHC-3. In addition to its HC-3-like properties, AcHC-3 consistently produced a transient increase in twitch height of gastrocnemius muscle before blockade and was dose-responsive...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Choline
Fatty Acid Oxidation
Cavia
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Brain
Ileum
Pseudocholinesterase
Contraction (Finding)
Hepatic
Cholinesterase Inhibitors, Reversible

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