Acid accumulation during end-stage bradycardia in term fetuses: how long is too long?

British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
I GullJ B Lessing

Abstract

To estimate the existence and degree of fetal accumulation of acid during end-stage bradycardia as reflected by the base deficit. This may set a criterion for proper intervention during labour. Maternity unit of the Tel Aviv Medical Centre. Forty-three consecutively born term infants whose mothers were delivered by vacuum extraction were analysed: 27 because of end-stage bradycardia and 16 controls whose mothers were delivered electively because of maternal indications. Analysis of umbilical arterial cord blood for pH, PCO2 and base deficit. The base deficit was compared between the groups using the two-tailed Student's t test, and was correlated with variables of fetal heart rate monitoring using the Pearson correlation coefficient. The base deficit was greater in newborns who had end-stage bradycardia than in controls (11.02 vs 5.01, P < 0.0001). The duration of loss of short term variability in fetal heart rate during end-stage bradycardia correlated positively with the base deficit (r = 0.8, P < 0.0005). Conversely, the time until the loss of short term variability during end-stage bradycardia correlated negatively with the base deficit. The length and the depth of the bradycardia and their product, had a weaker correlation...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Acid-Base Imbalance
Bradycardia
Carbon Dioxide
Umbilical Cord Blood
Embryopathies
Heart Rate, Fetal
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Vacuum Extraction, Obstetrical

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