PMID: 36388Jul 10, 1979

Acid ribonuclease from HeLa cell lysosomes

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
B K SahaD Schlessinger


An acid ribonuclease has been purified from HeLa cell lysosomes. The specific activity of the RNase in lysosomes is 8-fold higher than that in nuclei and 15-fold higher than that in the postlysosomal fraction. The purified enzyme showed no detectable DNase, phosphodiesterase, phosphatase, or alkaline RNase activity. The acid RNase binds to Con A-agarose and is inferred to be a glycoprotein. It has a low isoelectric point at pH 3.0 to 3.5, and the optimal pH for activity is between 5.0 and 5.5. The enzyme requires no divalent cation for optimal activity and is totally inhibited by 1 mM Cu2+ or Hg2+. Monovalent cations including Na+, K+, and NH4+ stimulate the activity in low ionic strength buffer. The enzyme degrades rRNA faster than tRNA, and tRNA faster than poly(U); poly(A) and poly(C) are highly resistant. The products from rRNA are mostly oligonucleotides with 3'-phosphate ends. An acid RNase is also present in the lysosomes of L-cells grown in a medium free of serum; it is probably identical to the one described here.

Related Concepts

Cations, Divalent
Alkaline Ribonuclease
Substrate Specificity
L Cells (Cell Line)
Cations, Monovalent
HeLa Cells
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Enzyme Activation

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